Finally, the Toba Caldera is Defined As a UNESCO Global Geopark

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NUSADAILY.COM – JAKARTA – The Toba Caldera is designated as a UNESCO Global Geopark at the 209th Session of the UNESCO Executive Board in Paris, France, Tuesday (2/7).

“Through this determination, Indonesia can develop the Toba Caldera geopark through the Global Geoparks Network and the Asia Pacific Geoparks Network, especially in relation to empowering local communities,” said the Indonesian Ambassador to UNESCO Arrmanatha Nasir through his written statement, Wednesday, July 8, 2020.


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The Indonesian government has succeeded in convincing UNESCO that the Toba Caldera has a high geological connection and traditional heritage with local communities, especially in terms of culture and biodiversity.

In this context, UNESCO member countries support the Toba Caldera to be preserved and protected as part of the UNESCO Global Geopark.

The determination of the Toba Caldera as a UNESCO Global Geopark provides an opportunity as well as responsibility for Indonesia, especially for the local community.

Determination of the Toba Caldera, can encourage economic development and sustainable development in the region. Through the development of sustainable geo-tourism, opportunities are open for local people to promote culture, local products. And the creation of wider jobs.

At the same time, with the world’s recognition and attention on the Toba Caldera, the government and local communities are obliged to improve and continue to preserve the environment and integrity of the Toba Caldera Area.

The determination of the Toba Caldera as a UNESCO Global Geopark, is a long process of joint efforts of various stakeholders. Both the central and regional governments and the local people who live in the Lake Toba region.

“The preparation process to get UNESCO recognition for the Toba Caldera, shows high commitment and good cooperation from all parties in Indonesia. Since the beginning of the process, from collecting data, holding various workshops. The preparation and negotiation of the nomination document to be submitted to UNESCO, “said the Indonesian Ambassador.

The Toba Caldera made it to the UNESCO list after being assessed and decided by the UNESCO Global Geoparks Council at the IV UNESCO Global Geoparks International Conference in Lombok, Indonesia, on 31 August-2 September 2019.

Toba Caldera, North Sumatra Province was formed from a super volcanic explosion of 74,000 years ago. The base of the caldera is filled with water and is the largest lake in Indonesia.

The beauty of the Toba Caldera and its rich cultural wealth make Lake Toba one of Indonesia’s top tourist destinations on the “10 New Bali” list.

In addition to the Toba Caldera, Indonesia already has four other UNESCO Global Geopark sites, namely, Batur, Cileteuh, Gunung Sewu, and Rinjani.

Indonesia also has a lot of natural and cultural wealth that is included in the UNESCO list, including 10 intangible cultural heritage. 9 cultural and natural heritage sites, as well as 16 biosphere reserves that have been recorded at UNESCO. (Han)

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