NUSADAILY.COM-PARIS – World elite leaders have officially announced the start of the world’s largest assembly of nuclear fusion devices. The project was named the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in southern France, Tuesday, July 28, 2020.
The leaders came from the European Union (EU), China, France, India, Japan, South Korea, Russia, and the United States (US). As quoted by NusaDaily from Xinhua, Thursday, July 30, 2020.
In the construction phase at Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, the ITER location received a number of new components of very large size.
With some of them each weighing up to hundreds of tons and reaching more than 15 meters in length. All of that was made by a member of the ITER consortium in the last few months.
Meanwhile, assembly of the ITER machine will take 4.5 years, according to a press release from the ITER project.
When ITER is completed, the machine is expected to show that fusion power can be produced sustainably on a commercial scale, he added.
“Today we celebrate more than technical achievements,” EU Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson said in his video address to representatives of all ITER members. Both those who attended the celebration ceremony were present directly at the ITER location or virtually through live broadcast online (livestream).
“The clean energy transition is an ethical necessity and an economic opportunity,” he said. “ITER perfectly demonstrates this duality: ITER is a big investment in our high-tech industry and a source of clean energy for the future.”
Sun-like Reactor Working System
French President Emmanuel Macron, who is the host, praised ITER as a “promise of peace.”
“There are moments when the nations of the world choose to overcome their differences to reach a certain moment in history. The decision to launch ITER, in the mid-2000s was one of those moments, “he said in a video message.
Unlike current reactors, which extract energy by splitting atoms, ITER will produce power by fusion. Similar in a way that produces energy to the sun.
Known as the “Artificial Sun”, the ITER program is one of the largest and most important international scientific research projects in the world. China officially joined the program in 2006.
At the end of May, the 1,250-ton bowl-shaped cryostat base, which is the heaviest component at ITER, is positioned at what is called a tokamak pit near Cadarache, southern France.
This marked the official start of the installation of key equipment from the world’s largest international scientific research cooperation project. As stated by a group from China who participated in the nuclear project to Xinhua.
Tokamak is an experimental machine designed to harness fusion energy.
“The base is placed in position with a very high accuracy. The success of this unique and only operation sets a new record in our history, “a spokesman for China Nuclear Power Engineering (CNPE) told Xinhua. (yos)