The Secrets of Ancient Javanese Morphology in the Relief of Borobudur Temple

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Rahasia ilmu morfologi Jawa kuno
RELIEF TUMBUHAN: Tangkapan layar gambar tumbuhan di relief Borobudur dalam publikasi The identification of plant reliefs in the Lalitavistara story of Borobudur Temple, Central Java, Indonesia dari peneliti-peneliti LIPI dan pengkaji Balai Konservasi Borobudur. (ANTARA/Virna P Setyorini).
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NUSADAILY.COM-JAKARTA- Secrets of Ancient Javanese morphology sculpted in the reliefs of Borobudur Temple in Central Java. The sculptured morphological detail shows the science of ancient Javanese society. They understand the importance of plant species richness in their environment.

Researcher of the Purwodadi Botanical Garden Plant Conservation Institute LIPI Destario Metusala explained that. He gave enlightenment in online discussions What Does Flora Grow in Ancestors? Learn from Borobudur Relief in Jakarta, Friday (05/08/2020).

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He said in a joint study with the Borobudur Conservation Center reviewer, the team found 14 species of plants. What was also found in the story of the Lalitavistara Sutra from India, was also found in the relief of the 8th century temple.
He said also found native Indonesian plants and natural plants that grow in the tropical lowlands. Acting as a background story in the Borobudur reliefs that they examined. The secret of ancient Javanese morphology is seen in Borobudur Temple.

Carving of background plants in reliefs, according to him, if indeed it is not necessary to follow the standard. That it is a plant that really must be in the story, the sculptor should be flexible to describe it.

Like plants carved in the 12th century BC Angkor Wat, Cambodia, which looks more homogeneous, so technically not complicated to make it.

Borobudur Temple Contains Lalitavistara Story
However, from a study of 120 panels of the Lalitavistara story in the Borobudur relief. Visible form of plants in relief is not monotonous but diverse, formed accordingly. For example breadfruit leaves are paired properly with breadfruit.

That is, according to him, carvers need special expertise. The sculptor was aware of the surrounding conditions.

“They understand the morphology of plants and biological richness is important, so they are willing to create extraordinary fuss when carving it. They still want the diversity of plants, “he was quoted as saying nusadaily.com.

Archaeologist Jati Conservation Center Borobudur Jati Kurniawan said, reliefs made as decoration in architecture can be made on the stairway punden or it could also be at the gate. So that relief becomes an aesthetic enhancer and sometimes has certain religious or religious values. Like the lotus, when, kalpataru.

According to him reported by the mother of imperiumdaily.com, the sculptor could not portray flora properly. If you have not seen firsthand plants that will be carved in relief.

Meanwhile, the wealth of plant species in ancient Java was very diverse. So that if the sculptor is freed to work. But the description even for background relief is very detailed and not original. Then the person certainly understands very well about these types of plants. (Cak)

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